Key Features of Sub-Sahara Africa’s Selected Child Health Policy and Program Evidence-base Publications
Keywords:child sexual abuse, perpetrator, victim
Background: Progressive child health care continuum policy and research advancement constitutes
rightful priority in every setting. Nevertheless, given the current reality, countries of Sub-Saharan Africa, including Ethiopia are expected to improve performance in this respect.
Objective: The given research output aimed at describing the key features of selected child health policy and programmatic research evidence publications from the Sub-Saharan Africa.
Method: The study implemented a quantitative cross-sectional descriptive methodological framework using sampled abstracts pool of reference sources which are already published and archived into the Pub Med between September 2013 through September 2015 limit. Coupled with several sub-themes Child Health Policy Evidences in Sub-Saharan Africa and Child Health Research in Sub-Saharan Africa were the two main search strategies. A total of 1,446 abstracts of the published articles were solicited and organized in alphabetical order on thematic area. Subsequently, with consideration a sample size of one-third (33.9%), 491 abstracts were enrolled for the focused quantitative descriptive analysis.
Result: Majority of the Sub-Saharan countries have two or more published child health related articles entered in Pub Med during the period. Kenya (12.5%; 60), South Africa (11.0%; 53), Uganda (8.7%; 42), Ethiopia (8.0%; 38) and Nigeria (8.0%; 38) were the lead countries. Overall, the Eastern Africa Region was on top with 35.9% share of the articles. From the perspective of design and quality of evidence, quantitative and cross-sectional descriptive, including exploratory were most commonly used accounting for 77.6% and 77.2% respectively. Specifically, intervention trials and mixed method designs were below 10.0% each. Predominance of multiple authorships where nearly 50% revealed between five and ten authors for an article was encouraging. Publication journal outlets are quite abundant even by taking the Ethiopian case scenario.
Conclusion & Recommendation: Besides very modest, efforts made by the majority of the Sub-Saharan African countries and particularly so by Kenya, South Africa and Uganda should encourage other countries of the region to advancing the child health research culture cause with increased enterprise. Engagement in dynamic mapping, analysis, and synthesis of up-to-date child health evidence-base should serve standard academic, research, policy and program continuum of practice in Sub-Saharan Africa